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Climate Finance Fundamentals

This series of short, introductory briefing on various aspects of climate finance are designed for readers new to the debate on global climate change financing. In light of the fast pace of developments in climate finance, the briefs allow the reader to gain a better understanding of the quantity and quality of financial flows going to developing countries. 

The briefs outline the principles of public climate finance; the emerging global climate finance architecture; and address the instruments, needs and actual funding amounts in the action areas of adaptation, mitigation and forest protection (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, REDD-plus). Several look specifically at the climate funding situation for specific regions of the world.

1. The principles and criteria of public climate finance – a normative framework


  • Authors:
    Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung North America,and Neil Bird, Overseas Development Institute

This Brief looks at the three sequential phases relating to the mobilization, administration and the disbursement of climate change funding. Taken together, they offer a minimum guiding framework for climate finance, based on the principles and criteria briefly examined here.

4. Mitigation finance


  • Mitigation finance Authors:Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung and Smita Nakhooda, Sam Barnard, Alice Caravani, Overseas Development Institute

This Brief describes the funds that have been created by industrialized countries to finance emission reductions in developing countries and examines how these funds can work with private capital to secure the level of funding needed.


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    7. Regional briefing: Sub-Saharan Africa


    • Climate finance regional briefing: Sub-Saharan Africa
      Authors:
      Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung and Smita Nakhooda, Sam Barnard, Alice Caravani, Overseas Development Institute

    Africa is the region that has contributed the least to global greenhouse gas emissions but is the most vulnerable to the impact of climate change. It is estimated that the total cost of Africa’s adaptation to climate change will be between $10-30 billion a year by 2030.

  • 10. Gender and climate finance


    • Gender and climate finance Authors:Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung North America with Smita Nakhooda, Overseas Development Institute

    This brief outlines some key principles and actions for making climate financing instruments more gender-responsive.


    2. The evolving global climate finance architecture


    • Authors: Alice Caravani, Smita Nakhooda, Charlene Watson, Overseas Development Institute and Liane Schalatek,
      Heinrich Böll Stiftung 

    • This Brief investigates the evolution of climate finance, describing the main actors and initiatives that have been active to-date. 

    5. REDD-plus finance


    • Mitigation finance Authors:Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung and Alice Caravani, Smita Nakhooda, Alice Caravani,Charlene Watson, Overseas Development Institute

    REDD-plus finance has received a lot of attention over the last years. This Brief describes the funding initiatives in support of this major international mitigation strategy and raises some ongoing challenges for the equitable delivery of climate finance.

  • 8. Regional briefing: Asia-Pacific


    • Climate finance regional briefing: Asia and the Pacific Authors:Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung and Sam Barnard, Smita Nakhooda, Alice Caravani, Overseas Development Institute

    Asia is the largest continent and has the world’s most expansive Ocean – the Pacific – on its margins. It is also the region that has received the most international climate funding, which so far has concentrated on supporting mitigation activities.


  • 3. Climate finance thematic briefing - Adaptation Finance


    6. Regional briefing: Latin America


    • Climate finance regional briefing: Latin America Authors: Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung and Nella Canales Trujillo, Smita Nakhooda, and Alice Caravani, Overseas Development Institute


    This Brief describes international climate finance that is being channelled to countries in Latin America to fund national climate change actions. It looks at funding across the major themes of adaptation, mitigation and REDD-plus, as well as identifying the principal actors within the region.

     

    9. Regional briefing: Middle East & North Africa


    • Climate finance regional briefing: Middle East and North Africa Authors: Liane Schalatek, Heinrich Böll Stiftung North America and Smita Nakhooda,Alice Caravani, Sam Barnard, Overseas Development Institute

    The Middle East and North Africa is a region that is both vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and shares some responsibility for such change, as measured in terms of per capita emissions. International public sources that fund climate change projects in the region are extremely scarce.