Sub-Saharan Africa has contributed the least to the global accumulation of greenhouse gas emissions, but is the most vulnerable to the impact of climate change. A number of actors are involved in adaptation, mitigation and REDD activities within the region, although mitigation projects dominate current activity.
Latin America is both a source of, and a sink for, carbon emissions. Overall, the number of climate change related initiatives across Latin America is increasing. However, finance is concentrated in a small number of countries, and in general financing for adaptation remains limited.
Asia and the Pacific
Asia has received the most international climate finance to date, largely for mitigation activities. China and India both receive and spend the largest amount of climate finance globally, whereas the region’s most vulnerable countries,particularly the small Pacific Island states, receive very little funding.
Middle East and North Africa
Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, but share some responsibility for the global accumulation of greenhouse gas emissions, as their emissions are very high when considered on a per capita basis. Interest in renewable energy development in the region is growing, however, and countries such as the UAE and Morocco seek to position themselves as global leaders in clean technology.