Regional trends


Sub-Saharan Africa

A member of the Pygmee tribe. Source: flickr/McMarcLouwes http://www.flickr.com/photos/marclouwes/2462757090/in/photostream/
Sub-Saharan Africa has contributed the least to the global accumulation of greenhouse gas emissions, but is the most vulnerable to the impact of climate change. A number of actors are involved in adaptation, mitigation and REDD activities within the region, although mitigation projects dominate current activity. 

Latin America

A member of the Tariana tribe in the Amazon region of Brazil. The Tarianas attempt to maintain their traditional life-style and show their customs to tourists to earn a living. Brazil. Photo: © Julio Pantoja / World Bank. http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/2367326208/in/photostream/Latin America is both a source of, and a sink for, carbon emissions. Overall, the number of climate change related initiatives across Latin America is increasing. However, finance is concentrated in a small number of countries, and in general financing for adaptation remains limited.


Asia and the Pacific

Polyfest 2008 Avondale College Samoan Group. Source: flickr/Richard Sihamau http://www.flickr.com/photos/rsihamau/2335796604/
Asia has received the most international climate finance to date, largely for mitigation activities. China and India both receive and spend the largest amount of climate finance globally, whereas the region’s most vulnerable countries,particularly the small Pacific Island states, receive very little funding.


Middle East and North Africa

Portrait of a Bedouin woman in Bir Lahlou, Western Sahara.  Photo ID 22018. 21/06/2003. Bir Lahlou, Western Sahara. UN Photo/Evan Schneider.
The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, but share some responsibility for the global accumulation of greenhouse gas emissions, as their emissions are very high when considered on a per capita basis. Interest in renewable energy development in the region is growing, however, and countries such as the UAE and Morocco seek to position themselves as global leaders in clean technology.